Para revisar el estado de tu disco duro en linux, existe el paquete smartmontools…. lo instalamos de la siguiente manera

 

└─>  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯  sudo yum install smartmontools
Complementos cargados:fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
epel/x86_64/metalink                                                                                                                            |  48 kB  00:00:00     
 * base: mirror.ci.ifes.edu.br
 * epel: epel.mirror.liquidtelecom.com
 * extras: mirror.nbtelecom.com.br
 * nux-dextop: li.nux.ro
 * updates: mirror.ci.ifes.edu.br
   
Resolviendo dependencias
--> Ejecutando prueba de transacción
---> Paquete smartmontools.x86_64 1:6.5-1.el7 debe ser actualizado
---> Paquete smartmontools.x86_64 1:7.0-1.el7_7.1 debe ser una actualización
--> Resolución de dependencias finalizada

Dependencias resueltas

=============================================================================================================
 Package           Arquitectura        Versión             Repositorio                         Tamaño
=============================================================================================================
Actualizando:
 smartmontools      x86_64           1:7.0-1.el7_7.1       updates                             546 k

Resumen de la transacción
=============================================================================================================
Actualizar  1 Paquete

Tamaño total de la descarga: 546 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Respondemos afirmativamente para instalar el paquete

 

Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for updates
smartmontools-7.0-1.el7_7.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                          | 546 kB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Actualizando  : 1:smartmontools-7.0-1.el7_7.1.x86_64                                             1/2 
  Limpieza      : 1:smartmontools-6.5-1.el7.x86_64                                                 2/2 
  Comprobando   : 1:smartmontools-7.0-1.el7_7.1.x86_64                                             1/2 
  Comprobando   : 1:smartmontools-6.5-1.el7.x86_64                                                 2/2 

Actualizado:
  smartmontools.x86_64 1:7.0-1.el7_7.1                                                                                                                                 

¡Listo!

Luego se ejecuta la orden y se revisan los resultados….

 

└─>  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯  sudo smartctl -a /dev/sdb  | tee -a 3EstadoDisco.out 
smartctl 7.0 2018-12-30 r4883 [x86_64-linux-3.10.0-957.12.2.el7.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-18, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Device Model:     WDC WD10SPZX-24Z10T0
Serial Number:    WD-WX51A38RC2T0
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 65ddf1b78
Firmware Version: 01.01A01
User Capacity:    1.000.204.886.016 bytes [1,00 TB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    5400 rpm
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
Device is:        Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is:   ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 5
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Feb 18 09:59:26 2020 -05
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Status not supported: Incomplete response, ATA output registers missing
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00) Offline data collection activity
                                        was never started.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever 
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:                ( 8820) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x71) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        No Auto Offline data collection support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        No Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:        (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 179) minutes.
Conveyance self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   3) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x303d) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x002f   200   200   051    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0027   193   192   021    Pre-fail  Always       -       1333
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       55
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   200   200   140    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x002e   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       47
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
 11 Calibration_Retry_Count 0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       24
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       2
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       10
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       87
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   118   096   000    Old_age   Always       -       25 (Min/Max 21/48)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0008   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
206 Flying_Height           0x0022   100   000   000    Old_age   Always       -       36
240 Head_Flying_Hours       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       15

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

En este disco no se encontraron errores …

 

Veamos el caso de un disco con fallos

 

smartctl 7.0 2018-12-30 r4883 [x86_64-linux-3.10.0-957.12.2.el7.x86_64] (local build)
Copyright (C) 2002-18, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Toshiba 2.5" HDD MK..59GSXP (AF)
Device Model:     TOSHIBA MK7559GSXP
Serial Number:    8037B05ZB
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000039 2b9480b16
Firmware Version: GN001U
User Capacity:    750.156.374.016 bytes [750 GB]
Sector Sizes:     512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate:    5400 rpm
Form Factor:      2.5 inches
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is:  SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Feb 18 09:53:46 2020 -05
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Status not supported: Incomplete response, ATA output registers missing
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
Warning: This result is based on an Attribute check.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00) Offline data collection activity
                                        was never started.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever 
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:                (  120) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:        (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        ( 194) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0027   100   100   001    Pre-fail  Always       -       2931
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       817
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       104
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       1070
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0033   116   100   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       753
191 G-Sense_Error_Rate      0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       3
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       333
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       7613
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       31 (Min/Max 20/50)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       10
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0030   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x0032   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       320
220 Disk_Shift              0x0002   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       8247
222 Loaded_Hours            0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       227
223 Load_Retry_Count        0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
224 Load_Friction           0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
226 Load-in_Time            0x0026   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       340
240 Head_Flying_Hours       0x0001   100   100   001    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
ATA Error Count: 319 (device log contains only the most recent five errors)
        CR = Command Register [HEX]
        FR = Features Register [HEX]
        SC = Sector Count Register [HEX]
        SN = Sector Number Register [HEX]
        CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]
        CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]
        DH = Device/Head Register [HEX]
        DC = Device Command Register [HEX]
        ER = Error register [HEX]
        ST = Status register [HEX]
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 319 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1034 hours (43 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  84 51 01 06 61 60 e0  Error: ICRC, ABRT 1 sectors at LBA = 0x00606106 = 6316294

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 ff 60 60 e0 00      00:13:19.699  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 8f 5f 60 e0 00      00:13:19.699  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 0f 61 60 e0 00      00:13:19.698  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 87 60 60 e0 00      00:13:19.698  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 8f 5b 60 e0 00      00:13:19.698  READ DMA EXT

Error 318 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1034 hours (43 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  84 51 01 56 28 27 e0  Error: ICRC, ABRT 1 sectors at LBA = 0x00272856 = 2566230

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 4f 28 27 e0 00      00:12:54.705  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 47 28 27 e0 00      00:12:54.704  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 3f 28 27 e0 00      00:12:54.704  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 37 28 27 e0 00      00:12:54.704  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 2f 28 27 e0 00      00:12:54.697  READ DMA EXT

Error 317 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1034 hours (43 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  84 51 01 1e 5d 96 e0  Error: ICRC, ABRT 1 sectors at LBA = 0x00965d1e = 9854238

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 17 5d 96 e0 00      00:12:52.810  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 6f bc f8 e0 00      00:12:52.810  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 ff f6 19 e0 00      00:12:52.794  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 df e0 c1 e0 00      00:12:52.780  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 67 bc f8 e0 00      00:12:52.780  READ DMA EXT

Error 316 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1034 hours (43 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  84 51 01 1e de db e0  Error: ICRC, ABRT 1 sectors at LBA = 0x00dbde1e = 14409246

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 17 de db e0 00      00:12:52.474  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 37 bb f8 e0 00      00:12:52.474  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 6f 71 d0 e0 00      00:12:52.458  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 87 bb f8 e0 00      00:12:52.458  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 27 75 02 e0 00      00:12:52.444  READ DMA EXT

Error 315 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 1034 hours (43 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  84 51 01 5e c1 fc e0  Error: ICRC, ABRT 1 sectors at LBA = 0x00fcc15e = 16564574

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 57 c1 fc e0 00      00:12:52.125  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 4f c1 fc e0 00      00:12:52.099  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 f7 bf fc e0 00      00:12:52.098  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 e7 59 08 e0 00      00:12:52.092  READ DMA EXT
  25 00 08 2f c0 fc e0 00      00:12:52.091  READ DMA EXT

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

Lo recomendable en este caso es pasar los datos a otro disco. Luego de ello reemplazarlo.

 

 

 

 

 

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